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a) 1bpp
b) 2bpp
c) 2bpp wide pixels
d) shared palette

A bitmap is literally a map containing bits, just zeroes and ones. How the bits are interpreted (“mapped to” a visual image) depends entirely on the graphic mode used to display the bits.

The bitdepth of a mode refers to how many bits are used to define the information for a single pixel in the bitmap.

The short notation to describe the bitdepth of a digital image/bitmap is bpp (bits per pixel).

In an indexed image, the bitdepth directly defines the maximum number of different colors any pixel can be: It is “two to the power of bpp”, provided the palette contains that many distinct colors.

All three modes in the example here use an identical bitmap.

further reading:

bitmap_and_bitdepth.txt · Last modified: 2019/11/10 17:01 (external edit)